Controlling diabetes can sometimes present a challenge. However, the risk of not doing so could adversely impact health. Below is a guide to some common complications which can occur if diabetes is not properly controlled, and the steps to take to prevent them.


Common Complications




Diabetes which is not properly managed can cause damage to the nerves, affecting your ability to feel sensations. This condition typically impacts the feet. The lack of sensation can result in people hurting their feet because they cannot feel changes in temperature or pain.




Gastroparesis is a condition in which the stomach takes longer than usual to empty. The condition is often a result of nerve damage caused by diabetes, and can result in:

  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Bloating
  • Vomiting


Weight Loss


Despite the fact you may be eating more than usual to combat feelings of increased hunger, you make notice that you are losing weight. This weight loss occurs because your body can’t properly metabolise glucose, and so begins to use alternative fuel stored in the fat and muscle in your body.




If your blood sugar is very high for long periods of time, it may result in damage to the blood vessels in your eye. These blood vessels swell and eventually begin to leak fluid into the eye. This can make your vision blurred and could eventually cause blindness.


Actions You Can Take to Stay Healthy




Regular exercise can help to lower your blood sugar levels. Exercise will also boost your body’s sensitivity to insulin, which will help your body to keep your blood sugar levels within the normal range.


Healthy Diet


Maintaining a healthy diet is vital if you want to manage diabetes. What you eat and drink will have a direct effect on blood sugar levels. While no food is completely off-limits, it is important that you focus on eating vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy and lean meat. You should limit consumption of foods which are high in sugar, fat or carbohydrates.


Control Stress


When your body is stressed, it releases sugar into your bloodstream. If you are suffering from chronic or long-term stress, this could have an extremely negative impact on health. Meditation, yoga and breathing exercises can help to control feelings of anxiety. Making time to take part in hobbies such as gardening or journal writing can also help.


With careful management, the impact of diabetes on lifestyle and health can be reduced, and you can continue to enjoy a fulfilling life. Subscribe to our newsletter for more information.